Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry’s standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

## Newsletter for February 2017

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry’s standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

## Newsletter for June 2018

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry’s standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

## WHAT IS GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATION?

WHAT IS GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATION?

A Geographical Indication (GI) is a sign used on products that have a specific

geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.

In order to function as a GI, a sign must identify a product as originating in a given

place. In addition, the qualities, characteristics or reputation of the product should

be essentially due to the place of origin. Since the qualities depend on the

geographical place of production, there is a clear link between the product and its

original place of production.

A geographical indication legal right enables those who have the right to use the

indication to prevent its use by a third party whose product does not conform to the

applicable standards. For example, in the jurisdictions in which the Darjeeling

geographical indication is protected, producers of Darjeeling tea can exclude use of

the term “Darjeeling” for tea not grown in their tea gardens or not produced

according to the standards set out in the code of practice for the geographical

indication.

However, a legally protected geographical indication does not enable the holder to

prevent someone from making a product using the same techniques as those set out

in the standards for that indication. Legal protection for a geographical indication is

usually obtained by acquiring a right over the sign that constitutes the indication.

Geogrpahical Indications are typically used for agricultural products, foodstuffs, wine

and spirit drinks, handicrafts and industrial products.

Broadly speaking GI are protected in different countries and regional systems

through a wide variety of approaches and these approaches have been developed in

accordance with different legal traditions and within a framework of individual

historical and economic conditions.

With Regards

Mrs. Arokia Anitha

(Advocate & IP Legal Advisor)

Parent of HANIRVAN – LKG – D

## WORLDWIDE EXPOSURE FOR YOUR INNOVATION

Intellectual Property is an increasingly valuable asset in today’s global market place and it

has become even more important that the innovations be protected with patents,

trademarks, copyright and trade secrets. Apart from protecting your innovations in India,

the Indian Government have facilitated us in protecting your unique ideas / inventions in

other countries also from India by way of a system called Madrid Protocol for Trademarks,

National Phase Entry – PCT (Patent Co-operation Treaty) for Patents and International

protection for Designs.

The World Intellectual Property Organization has significantly simplified the process for

simultaneously seeking IP protection in a large number of countries from India. By just

submitting the required legal documents in India, your innovation will be protected and

recognised worldwide. The procedure and system for worldwide protection of your

innovations are stated below:

1. International protection of inventions is provided under the PCT System, the

worldwide system for simplified multiple filing of patent applications. By filing one

international patent application under the PCT, you actually apply for protection of

an invention in each of a large number of member countries (now more than one

hundred) throughout the world.

2. International protection of Trademarks is provided under the Madrid System.

An international registration under the Madrid System produces the same effects as

an application for registration of the mark filed in each of the countries designated

by the applicant and unless rejected by the office of a designated country within a

certain period, has the same effect in that country as a registration in the Trademark

Registry of that country.

3. International protection of Industrial Designs is provided by the Hague

Agreement. This system gives the owner of an industrial design the possibility to

have his/ her design protected in several countries by simply filing one application.

## LEGAL PROTECTION FOR SEMICONDUCTOR INTERGRATED CIRCUITS LAYOUT DESIGNS IN INDIA

In modern technology, integrated circuits are essential elements for a wide range of electrical products such as watches, television sets, washing machines, cars, computers, smart phones and all other digital devices. Developing innovative layout designs of integrated circuits is essential for the production of ever smaller digital devices with more functions. While the creation of a new layout design is usually the result of an enormous investment, both in financial term and in terms of the time required from highly qualified experts, the copying of such a layout design may cost only a fraction of the original investment. In order to prevent unauthorized copying of layout designs and to provide incentives for investing in this field, the layout design of integrated circuit is legally protected under the Intellectual Property System. Children’s are always innovative and their brilliant innovations and working prototypes has to be recognised and appreciated. It’s very important for the young innovators who are very much interested and involved in designing integrated circuit layout to legally protect their innovations in India under the Semiconductor Integrated Circuits Layout Design Act 2000. If you’re kid launches a new product with some unique features, of any Integrated Circuit Layout Design which is in original form, distinctive, capable of distinguishing from any other layout design and have not been commercially exploited anywhere in India or in a convention country can be legally registered in India. With Regards Mrs. Arokia Anitha (Advocate & IP Legal Advisor) Parent of HANIRVAN – LKG – D

## Gulliver’s Travels by Jonathan Swift

Everyone loves going for vacation. It is always a joy to visit new places, enjoying how they are different from where we live. They may be a hill station, or a desert or even a remote village. Once there was a man called Gulliver lived in 17^{th} century (remember we are at 21^{st} century) who love traveling to different places. He was a doctor, but he also wished to explore new places.

To fulfil his ambition he joined as a doctor in a ship, on those days ships were the only mode of transport for log travel, no flight or bus. In addition, they did not had a proper map or globe to identify all the countries in the globe. They used to travel by ship to explore new countries.

Once on their journey the ship broke down and Gulliver landed on island called Lilliput. The people in the island were tiny in size; as such, a group of people can be place on Gulliver’s hand. They were initially scared of him and soon he earned the trust of the people, they started treating him as guest. After few days, he felt bored and wanted to move back to London. The Lilliput king was not ready to release him. Read out this interesting book **Gulliver’s Travels** by **Jonathan Swift**. There are different versions available for to cater young readers

## Quick divisibility tests

Hello this time I will discus about Quick divisibility tests which will be useful in finding the factors of a

number. This is basically required to solve questions involving L.C.M and G.C.F of numbers .

Checking of whether a number is exactly divisible by 7 , 13 ,19 ,23 , 27,29,31 is difficult by using

multiplication table . Quick divisibility tests sequentially starting from 2 are discussed below which

saves a lot of time while finding factors .

1. Test for 2 – If unit digit is 0,2,4,6,8 2 the number is divisible by 2 . ( even numbers )

2. TEST for 3 – If the sum of digits of a number is divisible by 3 .

EX- 12345 ,

sum of digits is 1+2+3+4+5 = 15 , which is divisible by 5 .

So the number 12345 is divisible by 3 .

3 . Test for 4 – If the number formed by last 2 digits is divisible by 4 .

EX- 123456 ,

the number formed by the last 2 digits is 56 , which is divisible by 4 .

So 123456 is divisible by 4

4 . Test for 5 – Unit digit is 5 or 0 .

5. Test for 6 – If it is divisible by both 2&3 .( Number is even and sum of digits is divisible by 3)

6. Test for 7 –

(1) 3 digit number –

Multiply the unit digit by 2 and subtract it from the rest . If the result is divisible by 7 ,whole number

is divisible by 7 .

Ex- 945 , unit digit is 5 and rest is 94 ,

94 – 2×5 = 84 , which is divisible by7 ,

So 945 is divisible by 7 .

(2) For numbers having minimum of 4 digits –

If q is number formed by last 3 digits and p is number made up of rest of the numbers ,

then if ( p-q ) is divisible by 7 , then the whole number is divisible by 7 .

Four digit number – 9331 ,q= number formed by last 3 digits = 331 , p = rest of the numbers = 9

p – q = 9 – 331 = – 322 ,which is divisible by 7

Hence 9331 is divisible by 7 .

Five digit number – 34426 , p=34 , q =426 ,

p – q = 426 – 34 = 392 which is divisible by 7

( since it is now a 3 digit number you can test it as discussed above , 39 – 2×2=35, divisible by 7 )

Hence 34426 is divisible by 7 .

Six digit number – 976213 , p = 976 , q = 213 ,

p – q = 976 -213 = 763 which is divisible by 7 .

So the number 976231 is divisible by 7 .

7 . Test for 8 – If the number formed by last 3 digits is divisible by 8 .

Ex- In 123456

the number formed by last 3 digits is 456, which is divisible by 8.

So 123456 is divisible by 8

8 . Test for 9 – If sum of digits is divisible by 9 .

9 . Test for 10 – If unit digit is 0

10 . Test for 11 –

If the difference of the sum of the digits in the even places and the sum of digits in odd places is

divisible by 11 or 0 .

Ex – 58432 , numbers in odd places are 5,4,2 and numbers in even places are 8,3

( 5+4+2 ) – ( 8+3 ) = 11 – 11 = 0 ,

so 58432 is divisible by 11 .

11 . Test for 12 –If it is divisible by 4&3 . Number formed by last 2 digits is divisible by 4 and sum of

digits is divisible by 3 .

EX- In 123456 ,

sum of digits is 1+2+3+4+5+6 = 21 , divisible by3 ,

number formed by last two digits is 56 , divisible by 4 .

So 123456 is divisible by 12 .

12 . Test for 13 —

Method 1 – Multiply unit digit by 9 and subtract it from rest . If the result is divisible by 13 the whole

number is divisible by 13 .

Ex- IN 559 , unit digit is 9 and rest is 55

55 – 9×9 = 55 – 81 = – 26 ,which is divisible by 13 .

So 559 is divisible by 13

Method 2 — Multiple unit digit by 4 and add it to the remaining number .

Ex – 12519 , unit digit is 9 and rest is 1251

1251+ 4×9 = 1251 + 36 = 1287 ,

Repeat the same method for 1287

128 + 4×7 = 128+28 =156 , which is divisible by 13 .

So 12519 is divisible by 13

13 . Test for 19 – Multiply unit digit by 2 Add to the remaining .

Ex – 65341 , unit digit is 1 and rest is 6534

6534 +1×2= 6536 , ( Repeat the same process again and again )

653 + 2×6 = 665 ,

66 + 2×5 = 76 , divisible by 19 .

So 65341 is divisible by 19

14 – Test for 23 – Multiply unit digit by 7 and add to the remaining .

Ex – 15019 , unit digit is 9 and rest is 1501

1501+ 9×7 = 1501+63 =1564 ,

Again 156+4×7 = 156+28 = 184 ,

18+4×7 =46 is divisible by 23 .

So 15019 is divisible by 23 .

15 . Test for 27 –

(1) For 3 digit number — Multiply the 1 st digit by 8 , subtract it from rest .

Ex – 675 , 75 – 6×8 = 75 – 48 =27 which is divisible by 27 .

So 675 is divisible by 27

( 2 ) Digits more than 3 – If last 3 digits is “b” and rest is “ a “ , a+b is divisible by 27

then the whole number is divisible by 27 .

Ex– In 12312 ,

b =312, a=12 ,

a+b = 312+12=324 which is divisible by 27

So the number 12312 is divisible by 27

16 . Test for 29 – Multiply unit digit by 3 and add to the remaining .

Ex – 10324 , unit digit is 4 and remaining is 1032

1032 + 3×4 =1044 , ( repeat the same again and again )

104+3×4 =116 ,

11+3×6=29 , which is divisible by 29 .

So 10324 is divisible by 29

MAGICAL NUMBER 37 ———– Here I will discuss some curious

properties of 37 along with its divisibility test .

A 3 digit number with all digits same when divided by the sum of digits , the result is always 37 .

111 / ( 1+1+1) = 111 / 3 = 37 or 37 x 3 = 111

222 / (2+2+2) = 222 / 6 = 37 or 37 x 6 = 222

…………………………….. ——————

999 / ( 9+9+9) = 999 / 27 = 37 or 37 x 27 = 999

CURIOUS PROPERTIES OF 37

(1) The sum of it’s digits x 37 = The sum of the cubes of it’s digits .

( 3 + 7 ) x 37 = 3 3 + 7 3

(2) The sum of the squares of it’s digits minus the product of it’s digits is 37 .

( (3 2 + 7 2 ) – (3 x 7) ) = 37

(3) Take a 3 digit multiple of 37 ,

for example 37 x7 = 259 ,

then an end-around carry produces 925 , 592 both divisible by 37

DIVISIBILITY BY 37 – Separate the number from right to left into groups of 3 digits . ( the

last may be incomplete ) . Consider each group an independent number. Add the numbers . If the

number is divisible by37 ,the entire number is divisible by 37 .

EXAMPLE – 5254 ,

two groups are 5 ,254 .

254+5 = 259 , 259 / 37 = 7 ,divisible by 37 ,

Hence the 5254 is divisible by 37

## Ten Must Read Animal Stories – Ruskin Bond

Everyone knows a chameleon can change color but do you know it has a tongue as long as its body. Unlike us where our both the eyes move together in same direction, Chameleon can move its eyes in different direction. All these funny facts about animals present in the book named “Ten must read animal stories” by Ruskin Bond.

There is a story about a boy Kishore who is curious to see a tiger and waits awake for a whole night. Another story is about a parrot who refuses to speak even after several rounds of speech therapy and the owner starts yelling at it. The story of Hornbill (a bird if you don’t know google it, a very beautiful one) which is saved from predator. Another interesting story about Hare, Jackal, Otter and a monkey is there.

There are also many other stories with different animals as main character. The stories are very simple and easy to read. I’m sure reading it for children’s will delight them. Happy reading.

## AWARENESS ON MUSIC LAW IN INDIA

Copyright is a legal instrument that protects original works of authorship. These works include any type of artistic, literary, musical, or dramatic creation such as books, poetry, movies, music, lyrics, computer software, and architecture. After writing music or lyrics, a composer or songwriter can register a copyright that will protect this intellectual property. The copyright remains in effect for 70 years after the death of the artist. The Copyright Act of 1976 was instrumental in outlining a number of rules that pertain directly to music law and copyright. The person who writes a song owns the legal right. A song writer can sell the rights or they can allow someone else to perform the song while they get some of the profits. The creator of musical work gets a copyright for the work; people who want to broadcast a work or perform it live usually have a license from the owner. Everyone who is interested in the music industry is subject to laws that govern their rights and actions. Music publishers must abide by these laws, as must artists, producers, promoters, and executives. These laws pertain to the terms of record deals, print licensing for sheet music, royalties for artists’ public performances, and more. The Copyright allows artists to reap the economic benefits of their creative endeavours by enabling creators, producers, publishers and distributors of artistic work to control how, when and whether their works are used. For music, the key concerns are determining who owns the copyright in newly created songs and understanding what right and benefits are given to copyright owners. Therefore, when your children’s compose music or write lyrics on their own, make sure they are copyrighted and they own their legal rights. With Regards Mrs. Arokia Anitha (Advocate & IP Legal Advisor) Parent of HANIRVAN – LKG – D